Course: Biomechanics

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Course title Biomechanics
Course code KTV/4003
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Škopek Martin, PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Petrů Dominika, PhDr. PhD.
Course content
This study-unit course is an introduction to the mechanical foundations of a human movement and a sport equipment, an application of a knowledge of anatomy, physiology and kinesiology, biomechanics knowledge utilisation for determination techniques in various sports. Items of lectures and seminars: 1. Introduction. Basics of Biomechanics (history of biomechanics, branch definition) 2. Basic physical quantities, vectors (summation, substraction, scalar product, vector analysis) 3. Geometry of human body (segmentary structure of the body,weight geometry of the body, gravity axis of the body, moment of impetus) 4. Kinematics of human locomotion I. Basic terms Locomotion (steady linear, steady accelerated, circular) and Speed (immediate, average, angular, peripheral), acceleration, frequency, period, kinematics of physical point free fall, vertical throw, horizontal throw, slant throw) 5. Kinematics of human locomotion II. (kinematics of solid, kinematics of system of solids) 6. Dynamics of human locomotion I. (definition, Newton´s laws,energy, field of force and action of force, dynamics, law of momentum conservation) 7. Dynamics of human locomotion II. (locomotion dynamics of solid, locomotion dynamics of solid system, balance conditions) 8. Dissipative force (Static values, transverse frictional force, slant plane, fluid pressure, fluid lifting power, Archimedes´principle) 9. Dissipative force (Dynamické veličiny, dynamic rheostatic forces, form drag, Bernouli´s formula,,Magnusons´ phenomenon) 10. Energetic aspect of human locomotion (Power of human locomotion, The law of conservation of mechanical energy, load, energy input, effectivity) 11. Mechanic description of tissues and organs (mechanical characteristics generally, reological characteristics of tissues, mechanical characteristics of tissues´ complexes) 12. Motoric system, its structure and behaviour 13. Experimental biomechanics (basic terms, basic methods) 14. Credit and revisory lesson

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, unspecified, unspecified, unspecified
Learning outcomes
This study-unit course is an introduction to the mechanical foundations of a human movement and a sport equipment, an application of a knowledge of anatomy, physiology and kinesiology, biomechanics knowledge utilisation for determination techniques in various sports.
Students will understand theoretically and practically in the basic physical quantities respectively. forces that can affect humans in different types of motorized locomotion. Students will be able to distinguish basic kinematic and dynamic movements man with subsequent numerical processing. The student will be able to diagnose forces in various types of environments and then calculate their possible influence on various types of movements, depending on the cross-sectional shape of the object or the material type. Student will be able to independently calculate what energy respectively. working person spends in a particular type of motor sports and locomotion. Students will be able to explain the basic structure and behavior of the musculoskeletal system during sporting activities and then selects the correct method for the accurate diagnosis.
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of mathematics and physics of high school.

Assessment methods and criteria
unspecified
Attendance and active practicipation during seminars. To complete all given tasks in written form. Writter credit test (success 70%) Oral exam see the date in system STAG (enrolment is needed)
Recommended literature
  • Baláž, J. a kol. Interpersonálna komunikácia a jej poruchy, Bratislava, SPN. 1988.
  • Fung, Y.C. Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues. 2003.
  • Janura, M. Úvod do biomechaniky pohybového sytému člověka.. Olomouc, 2004.
  • KARAS, V., OTÁHAL S. Základy biomechaniky pohybového aparátu člověka. Praha UK, 1991..
  • Konvičková. Biomechanika člověka. Praha, 2006.
  • Kovařík, V.Langer, B. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení.. Brno, 2004.
  • Krištofič, J. Fyzikální aspekty sportovní techniky. Praha, 1996.
  • Křen, J., Rosenberg, J.,Janíček P. Biomechanika. Plzeň, 2001.
  • M. Bednařík, M. Široká, P. Bujok. Fyzika pro gymnázia - mechanika.. Praha, 1990.
  • Novák, A. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení. Praha, 1991.
  • Vaverka, F. Základy biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. Olo, 1997.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Education Physical Education (A14) Physical education and sport 1 Winter
Faculty of Education Physical Education and Sport (A14) Physical education and sport 1 Winter