Course: Technical Physics I

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Course title Technical Physics I
Course code KTMI/PB002
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course not specified
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Novotný Jan, PhDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Experimental and theoretical physics. Models and modelling in physics. Vector Calculus introduction: adding and subtraction of vectors. 2. Mass point (primary element) kinematics: reference-coordinate systems, displacement, speed, velocity, acceleration, straight-line, curvilinear and harmonic motions. 3. Differential Calculus introduction. 4. Kinematic quantities relations, graphs. 5. Integral of functions - introduction 6. Mass point dynamics: laws of motion. Forces effects, work, energy, force impulse, momentum. 7. Scalar product of vectors. 8. Rigid body (solid): forces and moments equilibrium, rotational motion, moment of momentum, inertia moment, energy. Sliding friction, rolling resistance, physical pendulum. 9. Vectors cross product. 10. Matters deformation: elastic and plastic deformations, strain-stress diagram explanation. Loading of solids: tension, shear and torque. Hooke´s law, Young´s modulus, Poisson´s ratio. 11. Perfectly and imperfectly elastic impacts: force impulse, momentum, momentum moment, energy. 12. Liquids. Hydrostatics: Pascal´s law and Archimedean principle and hydrostatic paradox and their technical application. Hydrodynamics of ideal liquid, Bernoulli´s equation, hydrodynamics paradox.. 13. Ideal and real liquids. Movement of bodies in liquids. Aeromechanics, atmospheric pressure and pressure measurements. Technical application: compressors, vacuum pump, turbines, aviation. 14. Kinetic theory of gases, velocity distribution, root-mean-square speed of molecules. Pressure of gases. Ideal gas fundamental equation. 15. Gas processes: isopiestic, isochoric and isothermal processes, quantity of heat, heat transfer (exchange), specific heats. Work of gas. Laws of thermodynamics. 16. Imperfect gases. Van der Waals equation, critical constants, gases liquefaction. Technical plant utilising gases, heat engines and machines, compressors, vacuum pumps, heat and power producing installations.

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified
Learning outcomes
Knowledge, understanding and ability to apply basic natural laws together with mastering of methods for description of natural phenomena are fundamental prerequisites for mastering of any technical discipline. The content of this course is an introduction into the classical mechanics and thermodynamics. The aim is understanding of basic laws of mechanics and thermodynamics and the ability of students to use them for solution of problems and for analysis of simple technical applications and phenomena.

Prerequisites
Good knowledge of mathematics on the level corresponding to the grammar or secondary schools with technical specialisation is required. An advantage is a basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus of single variable.

Assessment methods and criteria
unspecified
Recommended literature
  • Grimsehl. Lehrbuch der Physik I, II, III, IV. Teubner, Leipzig (nebo novější). 1988.
  • Horák, Z., Krupka, F. Fyzika. SNTL, Praha,. 1976.
  • Kvasnica, J. Matematický aparát fyziky. Academia, Praha,. 1997.
  • Macháček, M. Encyklopedie fyziky. Mladá fronta,. 1995.
  • Polák, J. přehled středoškolské matematiky, Prometheus,. 1995.
  • Svoboda, K. a kol. Přehled středoškolské fyziky. Prometheus, 1996.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester