Course: The Human Ecology

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Course title The Human Ecology
Course code KSPV/4EKCL
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Rychlíková Eva, MUDr. Ph.D.
  • Kočí Josef, MUDr.
Course content
1.The human being and the environment, ontogenetic evolution, the metamorphosis of substances and energy in the human ecosystem, the dynamic balance, homeostasis, the human communication with the environment, autoregulation, the genetic predisposition, adaptability, the symbolic activity. 2.The atmosphere, its importance, the barometrical pressure, the hydrothermal complex, the atmospheric composition, human dependence on oxygen and other atmospheric components, air pollutants' impact on human beings. 3.The actinic complex, the types of radiation, its importance for human beings, the light perception, the UV radiation impact, the atmospheric ionizing, the radioactive radiation, bioclimatology. 4.The lithosphere. The human dependence on the lithospheric composition, macro and microelements, the distribution of elements in the human body, the relationship between water and soil, the health hazards of the soil components. 5.The hydrosphere. The importance of water for human beings, the types of waters according to their utility, the indicators of drinking water quality, the health hazards of water. 6.Noise and vibrations. The receptors of perception, types of noise, its sources, physical and mental impact. 7.The construction of work places. The impact of constructing materials on "indoor" environment; temperature, ventilation and light factors. Health hazards of housing. 8.Nourishment. Energetic and biologic value of food, the dependance of human beings on the intake of the basic nutrients, their composition and metabolism. 9.Vitamins and minerals in food, their importance and substitutability. Bottled water. Contaminating substances in the food web. 10.The human being and his/her microworld. Microorganisms in the human body. Pathogenic microbes. Human immunity, its types and forms. 11.Epidemiology of diseases, natural and social conditions. The most frequent aerial-borne, insect-borne, intestinal, childern's diseases. 12.The human population, demographic characteristics, the population explosion, the concentration of inhabitants, social adaptation, stress, pathological phenomena, the population development in the CR.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
The human ecology covers geographical, biological, technical, economical and social components of human life and the ongoing interaction of human beings and their environment. The goal of the course is to explain the complexity of the relationships between human beings and their environment perceived not only by their senses, but also through the inner reactions of human bodies and their dependences on various components of the environment.
The lectures deal with the impact of human activities on the biosphere. Further on, effects of the erosion of the ecosystem are examined in respect of the health disorders. Nutrition questions of mankind are taken in, as well as the impact of starvation an civilisation deseases. Trends of the development of human settlement on Earth and the Earth´s carrying capacity will be talked over. In the section dealing with lifestyle, the function of family, the ways of lifestyle adaptation and health affecting by alergies and other negative factors such as smoking or alcohol abuse are discussed. The lectures end up with information about biostatistics.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam
Recommended literature
  • Bencko,Vl. a kol.:. Hygiena. učební texty KU Praha, 2002.
  • Hrubý, S. Výživa v kostce. Ratio Úvaly,. 1997.
  • Klein, O., Bencko, V. Ekologie člověka a zdraví. VŠB TU Ostrava 1996 v programu Phare, sv. 42, s. 189.
  • Kotulán, J. a kol. Preventivní lékařství. Skripta lékařské fakulty MU Brno 1993, I.díl s. 285, II.díl s. 207.
  • Kotulán, J. Zdraví a životní prostředí. AVICENUM Praha, 1991, s. 278.
  • Riegrová , J. Vybrané kapitoly z ekologie člověka. Skripta přírodovědecké fakulty UP Olomouc 1988 s. 138.
  • Turek, B. et al. Nutriční toxikologie. Institut pro další vzdělávání ve zdravotnictví, Brno, 1994 s. 123.
  • Zusková, D. a kol. Principy boje s přenosnými nemocemi. Zdravotnické aktuality MZ ČR sv. 203 s. 179, sv. 210 s. 175.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Environment Environmental Protection (C_4) Ecology and environmental protection 2 Summer