Course: Human, Civil and Natural Rights

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Course title Human, Civil and Natural Rights
Course code KPF/0356
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Havlíček Aleš, doc. Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Definition of the term: "human rights" (law, morality and politics) 2. Origin of human rights 3. Culture of universalism 4. Historical overview of the topic fysis - nomos. 5. Hobbes as a progenitor of the idea of univesalistic human rights 6. Philosophy of human rights in the period of enlightenment a) Locke, b) Rousseau, c) Kant 7. Problematics of human rights in the Czech spiritual tradition (Komárková, Trojan, Hejdánek) 8. Human dignity 9. Universality and inalienability of human rights (inalienability as a nature and as an answer to the challenge to future) 10. Human nature and natural rights (in contrast to legal positivism) 11. Human, civil and natural rights - their diversity 12. Are the human rights natural?

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
The course is aimed at intelectual conditions of the origins of human rights, which means the historical epoch where motives and stimuli have begun to appear. These motives and stimuli became in following centuries human rights as we know them nowadays. We will be also searching for answering the question whether we can consider human rights, which are inalienable unlike the civil rights, natural. It will be phylosophical analysis of the mentioned phenomenon, which will not forget to mention an opinion that human rights "do not exist".
Student will gain deeper uderstanding of the subject matter of human rigts. She/he will be able to analyze diversity of human rights - which are given and which are the results of the agreement. And also inalienability of human rights, however not on the basis of nature.

Assessment methods and criteria
The test will be awarded for the oral defense of written work and one for answering questions from the topics presented. Written work must be at least 8 pages (15,000 hits, including spaces) and must be based on the topics presented and a minimum of two texts (primary and secondary of the [foreign language]). Topic approved in advance by the examiner.
Recommended literature
  • Dworkin, R.. Když se práva berou vážně. Praha, 2001.
  • Fuller, Lon L.. Morálka práva. Praha, 1998.
  • Göller, Th. (vyd.). Philosophie der Menschenrechte. Methodologie, Geschichte, kultureller Kontext. Göttingen, 1999.
  • Hanuš, J. (vyd.). Lidská práva. Brno, 2001.
  • Hejdánek, L.. Lidská práva a filosofie. 1998.
  • Hrubec, M. (vyd.). Interkulturní dialog o lidských právech. Praha, 2008.
  • Komárková, B.. Původ a význam lidských práv. Praha, 1990.
  • Menke, C. - Pollmann, A. Philosophie der Menschenrechte. Hamburg, 2007.
  • Trojan, J. S.. Idea lidských práv v české duchovní tradici. Praha, 2003.
  • Tugendhat, E.. Přednášky o etice. Praha, 2004.
  • Weinreb, L. L.. Natural Law and Justice. Cambridge, 1987.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts Political Philosophy (A8) Social sciences 1 Summer