Lecturer(s)


Course content

1. Principles of statistical mechanics, probability and fluctuation 2. Experimental probability, random walk and probability density 3. Kinetic theory, phase space, equipartition of energy, distribution and partition function 4. Relativity, postulates of special relativity and Lorentz transformation 5. Length contraction, time dilation, simultaneous events, twin paradox, velocity addition 6. Equivalence of mass and energy, relativistic energy 7. Einstein's principle of equivalence and cosmological principles 8. Black body radiation, Planck's law of radiation, de Broglie postulates, experiments. 9. Interaction of radiation with matter, photoeffect, Compton effect and pair production 10. Waveparticle duality, begin of quantum theory and atomic physics, lasers 11. Natural and artificial radioactivity, methods of detection 12. Nuclei, elementary particles and quark symmetry, quantum numbers 13. Nuclear reactions, conservation laws, fundamental interactions in nature 14. Time reserve, selected topics

Learning activities and teaching methods

unspecified

Learning outcomes

Principles of statistical mechanics, probability, kinetic theory, intro to relativity, Lorentz transformation, equivalence of mass and energy, matter, radiation and quantum hypothesis, nuclei, particles and fundamental interactions in nature.
Knowledge of the student is extended to the field of nonclassical physics. Student acquires ability to solve relevant problems in probability calculus, kinetic theory of gases and in some fields of nonclassical physics such as special relativity, quantum theory of the atom and nucleus, based on topics of the subject.

Prerequisites

unspecified

Assessment methods and criteria

unspecified

Recommended literature


A. Beiser. Úvod do moderní fyziky (Concepts of modern physics).

D.Haliday, R.Resnick, J. Walker. Moderní fyzika, díl 5.

P. Tipler, R. Llewellyn. Úvod do moderní fyziky (Intro to modern physics).

R.Feynman,R.Leighton, M.Sands. Přednášky z fyziky, díl 1.

R.Feynman,R.Leighton, M.Sands. Přednášky z fyziky, díl 3.
