Course: Modern Architecture

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Course title Modern Architecture
Course code KHI/0283
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Urlich Petr, prof. Ing. arch. CSc.
Course content
1) The idea of theory - its explicit definition, the idea of modern, modern style and modernism. Is abstract - normative definition possible? Reflection about architecture or instructions how to build according to principles of art in a form of written text? Theoretics of architecture in the 20th century, modernism, influence of industrial epoch, architect vs. engineer, autoreferential concept of modern architecture, materials, constructions and typology as a norm. Handbuch ( handbook) - necessary theoretical fundament of practising architect, E. Neufert and Bauentwurfslehre 2) Ways of reflection - interpretation of modern and historical architecture - brief summary of theses in the article: P.Urlich - Příspěvek k možnostem stratifikace české kritiky, Architekt 2/99 Petr Kratochvíl (eds): O smyslu a interpretaci architektury, VŠUP, Praha 2005 New concept - different interpretation, digresion from modern paradigms a) R. Venturi and contradiction concept of architecture, myth of modernism, internationalism and regionalism ( idea of critical regionalism), rejection of ideologization b) Phenomenological interpretation of architecture, K.Lynch and his picture of a city, Ch.N. Schulz and problem of resided and abstract space, roots and theoretical importance of philosophers Bollnow - Mensch und Raum, M. Heidegger - Básnicky bydlí člověk (Praha 1993), J. Patočka - Přirozený svět jako filosofický problém (Praha 1992, kap. III. Přirozený svět, zejména str. 82-90) c) Semiotic concept of interpretation, language, speech, communicability and conformity. Theoretical roots and importance of linguists - Saussure, Morris. Charles Jencks and his multi-stratified interpretation, minimally double coding of architecture d) Architecture as a depicting structure and a bearer of symbolic and allegorical meanings. Iconology of architecture as an alternative way of interpretation. e) Italian school of interpretation of architecture and its leftist fundaments. Social movements in society as a motive moment of changes of expression in architecture. 3) Important theoretical ideas - their connection with modern architecture - ideology Architecture as a tool of power, representativity, allegory and metaphor, ideology as a coherent set of ideas. Ideological perception of modern architecture. Architecture as a doctrine. Abstraction and classicity. 4) Postmodern situation and ways of possible division of contemporary architecture, from abstraction of avant-gard to abstraction of destruction... From ( social, moral...) ethos to banality and kitsch. Inconsistencies in formulation - reflection ( or attempt for reflection) and factual activity. Esoterism and raw practice. Comercialism. Theory without an architect. Medieval experience - theory is not written by architects. , L.Krier and postmodern urbanism. 5) Architecture on the treshold of information age - attempts for theoretical concept? - Rem Koolhaas, Winny Maas and others, idea of virtual architecture, postindustrial age a) 5 ways how to be ( or not to be) modern - 1 - narcissism after Esperanto, 2 - real technical modernism, 3 -modernizing conservatism, 4 - aesthetics of banality, 5 - normative modernism. Noticeable indication of five points of modern architecture declared by LC in 1927, evident tendency to minimalism after autoreferential concept of modern architecture b) Expressionism ( or also deconstructivism). Gehry, Eisenman, Coop Himmelb(l)au?New expressionism ? c) Postmodernism as Renaissance of abstract language - mimetics or creativity? New stage of dematerialization. ( Meier...) Historizing tendencies, quotations, once again abandoned return to history without historical experience.. Venturi, Graves... d) Virtual or real, organic and fluid, natural or artificial e) Consumerism and its celebration Living, work, holidays, transport ( personal, individualized) in new conditions. Relationship of architecture and other sorts of art. Change of primary values. New charters.

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified
Learning outcomes
The aim of the discipline is to present complete genesis of modern and contemporary architecture including its theoretical concept. For perception of material environment and especially for identification of qualities in conflict between contemporary and historical architecture it is necessary to compare current topics abroad and in our country. Theory helps to understand reasons why so many contemporary buildings are perceived discrepantly, although they are really non-replaceable in today civilization.
Student acquires necessary knowledge of contemporary architecture, especially in relation to technologies, materials along with already mentioned theories.
Prerequisites
There are no previous courses required.

Assessment methods and criteria
unspecified
Good attendance and continual task fulfillment.
Recommended literature
  • K. Lynch. Obraz města. Bova Polygon, 2004.
  • Le Corbusie. Za novou architekturu. Praha, 2004.
  • O. Ševčík. Programy a prohlášení architektů XX. století.
  • Pechar, Urlich. Programy české architektury.
  • R. Venturi. Složitost a protiklad v architektuře (Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A6) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Science History (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science Teaching history at secondary schools (dual-subject study) (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A06) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Arts History (Single Subject) (A) History courses - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Single Subject) (A) History courses - Summer
Faculty of Science History (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Education History for the Second Stage of Primary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts Cultural and Historical Regional Studies (A) History courses - Winter
Faculty of Arts Cultural and Historical Regional Studies (A) History courses - Summer
Faculty of Arts Teaching History for Middle School (Single Subject) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A14) History courses - Winter
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Arts Teaching History for Middle School (Single Subject) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A14) History courses - Summer
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science History (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science Teaching history at secondary schools (dual-subject study) (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science Teaching history at secondary schools (dual-subject study) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Arts Teaching History for Middle School (Single Subject) (A) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Education History for the Second Stage of Primary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A6) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science Teaching history at secondary schools (dual-subject study) (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Science History (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History with Education Emphasis (Two Subject Combination) (A06) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Science Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A7) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Summer
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A7) History courses - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Two-Subject Combination) (A7) History courses - Summer
Faculty of Education Teaching of History for Secondary Schools (A14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Single Subject) (A14) History courses - Winter
Faculty of Arts History (Single Subject) (A14) History courses - Summer