Course: Folk Architecture

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Course title Folk Architecture
Course code KHI/0078
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Podroužek Kamil, PhDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Research of village buildings: Research workplaces, concise history of the discipline, literature concerning the discipline 2. General scheme of village settlement in traditional society: Traditional society and village settlement - definition of social structure and method of production. Municipality and village - dichotomy of social content and its formal manifestations. Space and its structure - components in settlements and their relations, resources and communication, religious and secular, public and private. Tendencies of development - appropriation and archaelogization. Understanding of unity and repetitiveness of the world in traditional society, symbols, rituals. 3. Forms of village settlements: typology of village settlements according to their formal layout. Shapes of village settlements in Bohemia in the periods of colonizations: early medieval, high medieval, early modern, high Baroque, in the period of enlightenment, industrial, as a reflection of changes in social relations of production 4. Structure of a village settlement: particular components of a farmyard and their relations, formal types of farmyards, summary of types in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, influence of cultural sphere of neighbouring countries 5. Front of a village dwelling house: semiotic status, hierarchy 6. Interior of a village dwelling house I - Disposition: Relations of particular components, types of disposition, communication scheme, summary of types in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, influence of cultural sphere of neighbouring countries. Development tendencies. Dichotomic division of a rustic room: men and women part, part for work and for relaxation, religious and secular part 7. Interior of a village dwelling house II - Equipment as a structuring entity of a space function. Types and development of heating and cooking facilities, types and development of lighting, furniture and its disposition in a village dwelling house in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. Feed cubicles and troughs in a cowshed and stable. 8. Building constructions and material I - vertical constructions: Timbering, half timbering, boarding, brickwork, stone walling, mixed walling, clay and loess, straw, hay, moss, forrest leaf litter. Structures and tenons. Foundation of walling. 9. Building constructions and material II - Horizontal constructions: flat ceilings, vaults, trusses - typology and development tendencies 10. Farm buildings: granaries, stables, cowsheds, sties, hen-houses, pigeonries, cots, barns, haylofts, milk houses, clamps and supply pits, temporary fish keeps 11. Production and technical buildings: stillrooms, drying houses, bread kilns, pottery workshops, soot production, tar production, heaps, Flusshaus, facilities to manufacture glass or buttons by pressing, potash production, smithies, stud manufactures, iron-mills, stamping-mills, pressing shops, mills, flax-brakerś 12. Religious buidings: churches, chapels, crosses, wayside crosses, cemetaries, ex vota, monuments and memorials. 13. Protection of village buildings: listed buildings, listed village preserves, listed village zones, zones of protection, area protection of cultural landscape, open-air museums. Cultural heritage and material historical resource. Legislation, institutional and civil protection. 14. Excursion to the museum of village buildings in Zubrnice.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
In the course students learn to recognize how social relations are reflected in formal building structure of village settlements. They are informed about typology of village buildings of traditional society and about main tendencies of their building development in the territory of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. Students learn about history and methodology of research of village buildings and ways of protection of village buildings in the Czech republic. Lectures and seminaries of this course are directed at the phenomenon of folk architecture especially focussing on village buildings in the Czech lands in central European context. Students will be given information about the issue of housing development in village environment, including its differentiation conditioned by a social status of builders. Moreover they will be provided with information about the relation of housing development to functioning of farmsteads, farmhouses and buildings related to various forms of traditional production. One day excursion will be included in the course.
Knowledge: Relations of social system are reflected in a formal structure of settlements and buildings. Way of manufacturing, technical possibilities, cultural background, traditions and innovations determine a form of buildings. Skills: Annotated comparison of information from literature, presentation of compared findings in an essay on particular topic Routines: Comparison of information
Proseminary on documentation of monuments I.

Assessment methods and criteria
Attendance at seminaries, presentation of a topic in a form of a paper, learning a method of formal analysis
Recommended literature
  • Ebel, M. Škabrada, J. Původní plánová dokumentace lidové architektury. Praha, 1996.
  • Frolec, V. Vařeka, J. Lidová architektura. Praha, 1983.
  • Janák, J. - Hledíková, Z. Dějiny správy v českých zemích do roku 1945. Praha, 1989.
  • Kuttelvašer, Z. - Trejbal, J. - Maňas, J. Vývoj zpracování zemědělských produktů 1, Prameny a studie Zemědělského muzea 30. Praha, 1989.
  • Měchurová, Z. Konůvky - zaniklá středověká ves ve Ždánickém lese. 1997.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts Cultural and Historical Regional Studies (A) History courses 4 Winter