Course: History of Architecture III

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Course title History of Architecture III
Course code KHI/0018
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Gabriel František, doc. PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Urlich Petr, prof. Ing. arch. CSc.
Course content
1) Introduction, Enlightenment, industrial revolution, new paradigms, new disciplines, periodical division - literature. Function of École des Beaux Arts ( Academies), theory, philosophy and form of architecture ( Boullée, Ledoux, ancient and Renaissance patterns, Grand Prix de Rome), New definition of a style - classicism, historisms, neostyles and their use in modern society, in "big" and small centres, rationalism, romanticism 2) Engineering experience of architecture in the end of the 18th and in the 19th century, new constructions, new materials and their influence on the change of a space concept - iron constructions, Arts and Crafts, art craft movement, social utopia and reformation. Chicago and origins of American modern architecture, avant-gard according to F.L.Wright. Function of technical schools - Polytechnic institutes in our country and abroad 3) New typology and phenomenon of universal exhibitions in the 19th century. Examples of reflection of typology in the expression of architecture. Influence of political, nationalistś and national movements for modern typology - working class houses, popular houses, district houses etc.... 4) Industrial society and restructuring of towns/cities. Formation of metropolis. Important centers in the world, important architects, urbanism,metropolises - impact on smaller towns 5) Modernism in central Europe, attraction of Viennese school of O.Wagner and his contemporaries, Czech situation. Art Nouveau, Jugendstil, Modern Style in the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Particular centres in Europe. Roots of Werkbund and continuing tendencies of Arts and Crafts in Europe. Modern urbanism in theory and its application ( Sitte, Wagner, Howard and others?) in the turn of the 19th and 20th century, infiltration into regions, recast of the style and the form, application of basic principles 6) Art movements, art and architectonic avant-gardes of the 20ś of the 20th cent. - Werkbund and expressionism, cubism, rondocubism in Czech architecture. Purism, constructivism, neoplasticism, Bauhaus, Art Deco - exhibition of decorative art in Paris in 1925. Important personalities of A.Loos and J.Plecnik, influence on our and European architecture, formation of new European language of architecture 7) 20ś of the 20th century in Czech architecture, Devětsil, origins of architectonical associations, architectonical magazines, VSK Brno 1928. Functionalism as a doctrine in Europe and its influence. Important personalities ( LC, W.Gropius, Mies, A.Aalto...) C.I.A.M, programmes, congresses, Charta of Athens and problems of modern urbanism. Social dimension of architecture between two World Wars, German Siedlungs, Vienesse experience ( Hofs...), Exhibitions Werkbund of dwelling, its reflection in Czech or Czechoslovak architecture - social programme and building 8) Classicizing tendencies in architecture in the 30ś of the 20th century, authoritative regimes - difference in conception, Exhibition of modern art and technology in Paris in 1937, in New York in 1939, EUR 1942 ( 2 lectures) Classicism in democratic regimes of Czechoslovakia, France, the USA - demand of order 9) Afterwar urbanism and reconstruction of towns/ cities damaged in the WW II, Germany, Poland, France... New metropolises 10) 50ś of the 20th cent. in Czech architecture, changes in opinions after the exhibition EXPO 58, housing estates and new residence complexes 11) Decline of C.I.A.M., beginning of brutalism, Team X, theoreticians Reyner Banham, L. Mumford 12) American situation, F.L.Wright, emigration of European important persons - new materials and constructions, influence on European architecture, similar situation in our country although having much weaker economical and technological support 13) Characteristics of the 60ś in the 20th cent. in European and world architecture, isms such as Japanese metabolism and so on... South-American situation, influence on our architecture 14) 70ś of the 20th cent.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
The discipline of History of architecture of the 19th and 20th century is presented as a part of cultural memory of the society along with its political, economical and technical context. Its aim is to provide students good knowledge of that area of human activity, which is forever embedded in the image of towns or landscape and which forms material environment in most cases enduring for many generations. Within the discipline we will compare most of the important examples of foreign architecture of the 19th and 20th century with architecture in our lands. We will point out regional relations and specificities influencing building activities. This means for example material and industrial structures in particular location. Theoretical concept of architecture is another of the topics. In seminars students study local, still mostly unexplored issues of architecture related to industrial age.
Student acquires and trains skills necessary to distinguish quality of not very well-known buildings which are not entered in encyclopaedias and surveys, however important ones from the perspective of local inclusion especially in the situation of sustainable development.
History of architecture I History of architecture II

Assessment methods and criteria
Good attendance and continual task fulfillment.
Recommended literature
  • Dějiny českého výtvarného umění III/1,2 (1780-1890). Praha, 2001.
  • Adams, S. Hnutí uměleckých řemesel. 1997.
  • Benešová, M. Česká architektura v proměnách dvou století. SPN, Praha, 1984.
  • Benevolo, L. Geschichte der Architektur des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. 1988.
  • Urlich, P. - Ševčík, O. - Škranc, P. Dějiny 19. a 20. století. Architektura - umění - filosofie -věda - technika. Praha, ČVUT, 1997.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts Cultural and Historical Regional Studies (A) History courses 1 Summer