Course: Atomic and Nuclear Physics

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Course title Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Course code KFY/K509
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course not specified
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Macková Anna, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
In the frame of the course will be explained the basic concepts of atomic and nuclear physics. We begin with description of atomic models as were developed in accordance to the important experiments accomplished at the beginning of 20th century. Thomson's experiment, discovery of electron, Rutherford experiment leading to the hypothesis of atomic nuclei, the observation of optical spectral lines during study of discharges in gases will be discussed. The study of spectral lines led to the Bohr atom model and to the birth of quantum mechanics itself. Next topics will be photoelectric effect, Einstein's interpretation, Compton's effect and wave-particle duality of particles ( Davis-Germer experiment). The atomic orbital model provided a new theoretical basis for spectroscopy. Basic ideas and concepts of quantum mechanics will be presented and applied in the frame of quantum-mechanic model of hydrogen atom. Shrödinger equation for hydrogen atom will be solved and than we discuss the meaning of the hydrogen atom wave functions and energies. In the frame of atomic shell structure will be looked through the Frank-Hertz experiment, angular momentum of electron, spin of electron, magnetic behaviour of atoms, composition of atomic shell structure in accordance with periodic table of elements. The basic information about the origin, main principles and experimental data of atomic optical spectra will be presented and followed by discussion about X-rays production mechanism. In the second part of course we will focus on nuclear physics ? natural radioactivity, cosmic rays, decay rules, nuclear reactions, types of nuclear radiation ? production of alpha, beta and gamma particles. Conservation laws and cross sections of these processes in accordance with the type of interaction (strong, weak, electromagnetic interaction) will be mentioned. We will touch the following topics ? nuclear models, neutrons and protons in nuclei and their characteristics, basic characteristics of other particles, different types of nuclear reactions, fission and its application in nuclear reactors, detectors of ionising radiation, detectors of neutrons, main principles of detection of neutral and charged particles.


Assessment methods and criteria
Recommended literature
  • A. Macková. Atomová fyzika. UJEP Ústí nad Labem, 2003.
  • M. Macháček. Encyklopedie fyziky. Mladá Fronta, 1995.
  • Úlehla, Trka, Suk. Atomy, jádra, částice. Akademia, Praha, 1990.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester