Course: Human Antropology and Genetic

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Course title Human Antropology and Genetic
Course code KBI/P514
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Jozífková Eva, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Ipser Jan, RNDr. CSc.
Course content
1. Basic terms: terminology, ecofactors forming the environment, limiting ecofactors, dispersion of organisms, development of ecosystems, interaction of man with environment, impact of Arthropods on humans, vectors, host-reservoires. 2. Influence of abiotic factors on man: water - minerals and contamination, importance for health; air - pollution and influence on health; food - composition, under- and overnourishment, drugs, adaptation to the composition of food; energy of the sun, electromagnetic waves, ionisation, radioactivity, noise, vibration - influence on health; bioclimatology and biometeorology, biorythms. 3. Influence of biotic factors on man: types of ecofactors, anthropozoonoses, epidemic infectious diseases and their impact on the evolution of populations. 4. Geography of diseases: noninfectious diseases (goiter, ulcers, anemia, urolithiasis, cirrhosis, allergies), prione, virus and rickettsial diseases (haemorhagic fevers, Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, BSE, sclerosis mutiplex, rickettsial fevers etc.), bacterial diseases (trachoma, TBC, leprosy, tetanus, trepanematoses, gonorrhoea, meningitis, alimentary diseases etc.), parasitoses (incl. tropical), mycoses. 5. Influence of civilisation on human health: evaluation of health status (mortality, morbidity etc.), cardiovascular diseases and neoplasmas, diabetes, osteoporosis, AIDS (types, epidemiology, risk and preventive factors, methods of prevention). 6. Introduction to epidemiology: goals, classification, terms, methods - descriptive, analytic (prospective and retrospective) and experimental (clinical trial, double-blinded experiment, population experiment), causality in disease determination, risk factors, types of dose-response, relative and atributive risk and odds ratio, bias, diagnosis (sensitivity and specificity of tests etc), screening, prevention 7. Influence of environmental factors on ontogenetic development: genotoxicity and mutagenicity - monitoring, embryotoxicity, causes of inborn malformation, principles and secondary phenomens as well as main mechanisms of terathogenesis, impairement of postnatal ontogenesis, prevention. 8. Man in ecosystems and ecology of nutrition: types of ecosystems and their settlement, forms of economy during human evolution and in natural populations, productive efficiency, energy and the food chain, manipulation of sources, quantitative and qualitative values of nutrition, hyper- and avitaminoses, social aspects of nutrition. 9. Biological adaptations: evolutionary and ontogenetic adaptations, acclimatisation,homeostatic adaptation; thermolytic and thermogenetic reactions, ecological rules,adaptation to the high altitude, night cooling, cold/hot climates, cultural adaptation. 10. Reproductive social and cultural adaptations: population from the point of view of ecology, abundance, basic demographic terms, growth and structure of populations, manipulation of birthrate and mortality, reproductive interrelations in populations,family types, rituals, measures of ecologic adaptation, distribution and dispersion, neolitic revolution, urbanisation. 11. Ecogenetics: importance of geneticly determined adaptations, polymorphisms and polytypisms, natural selection, polymorphisms - enzymatic, biochemical, metabolic (detoxication), LDL receptors, lipoproteins, hemoglobinopathy and malaria. 12. Population variation and its causes: blood groups, haptoglobins, HLA, isoenzymes, physiological variation, morphological variation - differences among populations. 13. Paleoecology: evolution of man in relation to environment, general evolutionary models, models of human evolution, climate in the Caenozoicum and hominid evolution, climate in the Anthropozoicum and evolution of man, blind branches of evolution (causes), ecol. rules, enthogenesis and environment, diseases in human evolution.

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified
Learning outcomes
Influence of abiotic, biotic and civilisation factors on human health. Geography of diseases. Epidemiology. Influence of environmental factors on human variability, ontogenetic development and human evolution. Biological and reproductive social and cultural adaptation on the environment. Role of the man in ecosystems and ecology of nutrition. Ecogenetics.

Prerequisites
unspecified

Assessment methods and criteria
unspecified
Recommended literature
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  • Beneš J. Člověk.. 1994.
  • Bogin B. Patterns of human growth. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2nd ed., Cambridge 1999..
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  • Fetter V. a kol. Antropologie.. 1967.
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Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Biology (A14) Biology courses 3 Winter
Faculty of Science Biology (A8) Biology courses 3 Winter
Faculty of Science Mathematics and its application in natural sciences (A14) Mathematics courses 3 Winter