Course: Fundamentals of Neurobiology

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Course title Fundamentals of Neurobiology
Course code KBI/P111
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course not specified
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 1
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Fišar Zdeněk, prof. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
The lectures and divided into 6 blocks dealing with the molecular, cellular and organ bases of nervous system functioning. Knowledge from the previous Course of Physiology of animals an man is necessary. Block 1 Irritability and excitability of nerve cells. Physiology of the neuron. Action potential, synaptic transmission, neuronal networks. Block 2 Nervous system and phylogenetic and comparative aspects of the morphology and function. Functional anatomy of vertebrate spinal cord, brain and peripheral nervous system incl. in man. Receptors, generation potential, peripheral afferent and efferent pathways, ascendent and descendent CNS tracts. Block 3 Somatic and autonomic regulations. Reflexes, their types and function. Classification of somatic and visceral receptors. Specifities of somatic and visceral synapses. Peripheral organ responses. Block 4 Sensory functions. Functional morphology of sensory organs. Phylogenetic and comparartive aspects. Vertebrate brain analyzers. Block 5. Higher nervous activity. Unconditioned and condioned reflexes, instincts, alimentary and reproduction behaviour, emotions, sleep etc). Learnimg and memory. Electroencephalography. Block 6 Body motorics Functional morphology of skeletal and smooth muscle cells, incl. molecular mechanisms of muscle contraction. Skeletal motor units. Types of muscle contraction. The main body muscles and their functioning. Non-voluntary and voluntary movement.

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, unspecified
Learning outcomes
The aim is to o provide information on structural and functional organisation of nervous sytem of animals and man at the organ, tissue, cellular and molecular levels. Attention is paid the whole body integrative functions of the nervous system, including motorics, perception, organ functioning and higher nervous activities. The effects of selected harmfull factors, mainly stress, drugs and aging of the nervous system are included.


Assessment methods and criteria
Recommended literature
  • Fine C. Mozek. Průvodce po anatomii mozku a jeho funkcích.. Brno, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7217-686-1.
  • Fišar Z. a kol. Vybrané kapitoly z biologické psychiatrie. Praha, 2009. ISBN 978-80-247-2737-0.
  • Greenstein B., Greenstein A. Color Atlas of Neuroscience. Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology.. Stuttgart, New York, 2000. ISBN 3-13-108171-6.
  • Koukolík F. Sociální mozek: některé evoluční principy. 2005.
  • Levitan I.B., Kaczmarek L.K. The Neuron. Cell and Molecular Biology. New York, 2002. ISBN 0-19-514522-4.
  • Lüllmann H. et al. Farmakologie a toxikologie. Grada, Praha, 2004.
  • Němeček S. a kol. Neurobiologie. Praha, 1972.
  • Nichols J.G. a kol. Od neuronu k mozku.. Praha, 2013. ISBN 978-80-200-2155-7.
  • Schreiber V. Hormony a lidská mysl. Triton, 2004.
  • Stahl S.M. Essential psychopharmacology: neuroscientific basis and practical applications, Cambridge Univ., 2000..

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester